Infinitives are forms like (to) write and (to) read. Infinitives are generally used with the marker to. Note that this to is not a preposition; after the preposition to we use –ing forms.

  • I would like to meet the manager.
  • Is there anything to eat?
  • The main thing is to stay calm.
Negative forms
Negative Infinitives are normally formed by putting not before the infinitive.
  • I decided to invite them. (affirmative)
  • I decided not to invite them. (negative )
  • You were silly not to have locked the car. (NOT You were silly to not have locked the car.)

A participle is a word which is partly a verb and partly an adjective. English has two participles: the present participle and the past participle.

Forms like running, singing, walking and working are called present participles. Forms like worked, broken, gone, written and walked are called past participles.

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